Tuesday, June 5, 2012

Myeloma Prognosis


If you are wondering what a myeloma prognosis is, it is simply a medical opinion by an expert that will outline the treatment and outcome of the disease. A prognosis is arrived at after carefully analyzing the symptoms of the disease, then conducting a biopsy to check whether there are any myeloma cells present. If there is a presence then appropriate tests are conducted keeping a variety of factors in mind.

Tests such as blood tests, urine tests, MRIs and CT Scans are usually a part of myeloma prognosis. After the test results are brought back to the doctor’s clinic. The doctor will study them thoroughly and check for three or four key things. He will check for the stage of the cancer. There are typically four stages. Smoldering stage or the early stage is when there are a number of myeloma cells present in the body, but there is no apparent bone damage. The stages that develop are Stage 1, 2 and 3.

Once the stage is arrived at, the doctor will check for the location of the cancer and how far and wide it has spread. He will also check whether any vital organs have been damaged like the kidney. The myeloma prognosis will be arrived at keeping all these things into consideration and also a number of research findings and statistics.

What patients should know is that myeloma prognosis is only a medical prediction and the outcome may vary. There is no treatment that cures myeloma, however, the growth of cells can be curbed to a great extent. There are a number of treatments too that are a part of the medical myeloma prognosis. The treatments for myeloma cancer may vary again, depending on the factors that have been discussed above.
A few treatments that are usually prescribed are watchful waiting, stem cell transplant, induction therapy and radiation therapy. The prognosis may suggest either one or a combination of the treatments discussed. The prognosis will also outline that the treatments will have a number of side effects.

Myeloma prognosis has to be conducted with absolute care. When developing a plan of action for the treatment, it is important that the oncologists consider all the factors and prescribes all the tests that are necessary for successful detection. Over and above the factors that have been mentioned above, the oncologist will also have to keep in mind the lifestyle of the patient as well as the diet.

Myeloma prognosis in the early stage of the cancer may advice patients to wait and delay the treatment for cancer. This is advised because no apparent symptoms are present. When patients wait they have the advantage of not experiencing the stressful side effects of cancer treatment. However, it is very important and crucial that patients check in with their doctors on a regular basis to ensure that the cells do not spread.

In most cases, smoldering myeloma does culminate into multiple myeloma, and this is when the treatments have to be taken. A proper myeloma prognosis is extremely important to take on treatment that can deliver positive results.

Wednesday, May 23, 2012

Chemotherapy, Stem Cell Transplant : Possible Methods For Myeloma Treatment

Multiple myeloma, it is a type of blood cancer of the plasma cells in the bone marrow. This is a very rare type of cancer, which affects the blood cells and bones. The disease becomes incurable in advance stage where there is treatment available to deal with this disease. People can go for myeloma treatment through the conventional way or they can choose to take alternate treatment like homeopathy or Ayurvedic. The main target of all these method of for myeloma treatment is to give relief and aim to cure the patient who is suffering from this disease. However, all the method differs from each other.

Different Ways To Treat Myeloma
In conventional method of myeloma treatment, there are several types of drugs, which are used for the treatment. They are taken either alone or in combination as suggested by the doctors. All the types of treatment through conventional treatment have been divided into several groups they are Initial or induction chemotherapy, maintenance therapy, consolidation therapy and salvage therapy.

Chemotherapy
Each drug targets to kill cancer cells though in different ways. Chemotherapy is known to kill the fast growing myeloma cancer cells while it also harms normal cells and it has its share of side effects. Targeted therapy is used to block the unnatural growth of myeloma cancer cells, it also block the action of the M-protein in the body which induce the growth of cancer cells.

Steroids
Steroids are also used to treat myeloma cancer, as it is believed that steroid is helpful to kill the cancer cells. It can be used alone or in combination with other drugs to treat myeloma cancer. The drugs are to be taken orally or through a vein.



Stem cell transplant
Stem cell transplant is modern way of myeloma treatment. This is the most advance form of treatment, which is better than the other conventional treatment available; however, this is a costly affair. This treatment will need the patient to take high dose of drugs, which would destroy both your normal blood cells as well as the cancer cells. After that, the patient would receive through his vein the healthy stems cells like the case of blood transfusion.

This new stem cells helps to develop new health blood cells and replace the dead ones, which were destroyed by the high dose of drugs. Mainly done in hospitals, a patient may have to take two or more stem cell transplants. These stem cells may come from your own body or somebody else may donate the same as per requirement.

Different Types and Method of Stem Cell Transplant
The process, which would require your cells, is known as autologous stem cell transplant and an allogeneic stem cell transplant is the one, which uses the healthy stem cells of donors. A synergistic stem cell transplant is the one that uses stem cells of an identical healthy twin of the patient. For myeloma treatment stem cell transplant can be done through two ways -- one is peripheral blood stem cell transplant and the other is bone marrow transplant.

Wednesday, May 16, 2012

Multiple Myeloma – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

There are many blood cells in our body and they are most essential for performing the functions of our body properly. Multiple Myeloma is a growth of cancerous plasma cells or malfunctioning of these blood cells. When these normal cells transform into abnormal cells and these abnormal cells increase and accumulate unmanageably, then the body is affected by cancer. In the affected area of the body the abnormal cells accumulate to form tumors or bodily masses which have the power to cause damage to the adjacent organs or tissues and infect them through the lymphatic system and the blood vessels which run into the other organs located farther.

Multiple Myeloma Causes
The reason of Multiple Myeloma is unknown but few causes are supposed to causer this disease. One may be affected by this disease due to some inherited abnormalities, as an influence of high doses of radiation, due to malfunctioning of the internal body system, some viral infection, vulnerability to certain harmful chemicals and the environmental conditions in the work places of book binders, shipyard workers, petrochemical industry workers, cosmetologists, leather workers, metallurgic industry workers etc.

multiple myeloma cancer
multiple myeloma


Multiple Myeloma Symptoms
The symptoms of Multiple Myeloma depend on the increasing plasma cells and the symptoms are nonspecific.
• Sudden osteoporosis at a young age may be a sign of Multiple Myeloma. Abnormality in height or unlikely changes in the spinal curvature is a sign of myeloma in the vertebral bones.
• The ribs and the spinal cord are the area commonly affected by myeloma. Therefore symptoms also include back pain, pain in the walls of the chest, a burning sensation, tingling, and loss of functioning of the limbs or joints.
• Incessant bleeding from the nose, mouth, or any other internal part of the body, problems in vision, breathing related problems, pain in the chest and other neurological problems like mental confusion, headache, stroke, sleeplessness, lethargic feelings etc. are the sign of hyper viscosity.
• Low count of the white blood cells is also one of the common symptoms of the disease.
• Another familiar symptom of myeloma is anemia which includes paleness, breathing problems and extreme fatigue.
• Low platelet counts, amyloidosis and cryoglobulinemia are also some of the usual symptoms of myeloma.
Initially the symptoms do not show up and remain dormant. But as the disease grows internally the symptoms get revealed more and more.

Multiple Myeloma Treatment
Initially, most of the doctors recommend blood tests and urine tests along with a fixed routine of physical checkup for the treatment of Multiple Myeloma. Frequent chest x-rays need to be done to recognize the activities within the bones. It is always advisable to take expert advice from a blood cancer specialist, than go to a general physician. Sometimes the doctors would recommend that you visit an oncologist or a hematologist for better treatment of the disease.

However, we all know that there is no other better way than the prevention of the disease. So avoiding the risk factors and maintaining a healthy lifestyle is better than running for treatment.

Monday, February 6, 2012

Multiple Myeloma Treatment

There are four main ways of treating multiple myeloma and they include: watchful waiting, radiation therapy, induction therapy and stem cell transplant. When the cancer has been detected and various factors have been studied, depending on the stage and location of the cancer, doctors will suggest appropriate treatment for the patient.

Watchful Waiting
When the cancer is in the early stage or the smoldering stage, this treatment is usually advised. Patients can afford to delay other treatments at this stage until the symptoms of multiple myeloma cancer start to show.
While some people are not in favor of this multiple myeloma treatment, others will take it on simply because they want to delay painful cancer treatment as long as they can. However, it is important that patients are extremely careful during this stage. They should go in for regular check-ups every three months to check whether the myeloma cancer cells have spread. They also need to watch their diet and also make a number of changes to their lifestyle and may be take on some medication to curb the growth of the cells.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy is used to treat bone diseases that are extremely painful. To treat the spread of the myeloma cancer cells, radiation therapy may be used in conjunction with some other therapies. This particular multiple myeloma treatment can be very painful and the patient will require all the love and support of the family at this time. Multiple myeloma usually cannot be treated, however it can be curbed to a great extent.

Induction Therapy

Multiple myeloma treatment can take place with the help of induction therapy through a number of drugs. The method used will depend on the type, stage, location and spread of the cancer.

The different methods through induction therapy are as follows:


Friday, January 13, 2012

Multiple Myeloma Symptoms

Multiple Myeloma is a cancer that originates in the plasma cells of the human body and seeps into the bones causing pain and damage to many vital organs. The condition is extremely serious and occurs in four stages. The early stage, also known as the smouldering stage does not display any multiple myeloma symptoms but there is a presence of cancer in the body. If it is detected at this stage, there are a number of treatments that can be undertaken depending on a variety of factors such as type of cancer, where it is located, how far it has spread and many other statistics.


Multiple myeloma symptoms are many; however, they are not definitive of this particular cancer. Hence it is important that a biopsy is conducted, if the cancer is suspected and treatment is adhered to.


Multiple Myeloma Symptoms

A few symptoms are highlighted below:

1) Bone Pain: People suffering from multiple myeloma will usually experience pain in the bones – back and ribs.
2) Broken bones: People suffering from myeloma cancer will also experience broken bones in the spine.
3) General tiredness: People suffering from this condition will often feel weak and extremely tired.
4) Dehydration: People suffering from myeloma cancer will get dehydrated often and feel thirsty all the time.
5) Immunity: The plasma cells in one’s body are responsible for producing antibodies that fight infections along with the immune system. With the abnormality in the plasma cells, the immune system will be more susceptible to infections and fever.
6) Loss in weight: People who suffer from myeloma cancer often experience abnormal weight loss.
7) Nausea: Along with a feeling of general tiredness, patients may also experience nausea.
8) Constipation: This is also a very common symptom, when people are suffering from myeloma cancer.
9) Urination: Frequent urination is also a very common multiple myeloma symptom.

The symptoms mentioned above could be an indication of a number of other diseases and are not specific to myeloma cancer. When these symptoms surface, it is important to check with a health care professional and check whether there they are actually multiple myeloma symptoms.